Iran contra affäre

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Iran Contra Affäre Video

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Mehr Informationen dazu finden Sie in unserer Datenschutzerklärung. Im Herbst flog die so genannte Iran-Contra-Affäre auf.

Und ich war nicht der einzige, der davon begeistert war. Der bis dahin noch unbekannte Offizier entpuppte sich dabei als Schlüsselfigur in einem Polit-Thriller, wie man ihn kaum je zuvor erlebt hatte.

Gleichzeitig versuchte Washington mit dieser Strategie, amerikanische Geiseln freizukaufen, die im Libanon verschwunden waren.

Israel war als Mittler eingeschaltet, das freilich auch auf eigene Initiative bereits Waffengeschäfte mit Teheran aufgenommen hatte. Der Iran aber stand im Krieg mit dem Irak und der damalige Parlamentspräsident Rafsanjani erklärte nach dem bekannt werden der ungewöhnlichen Geschäftsbeziehung, dass der Iran Waffen gebraucht habe und man dafür bereit gewesen sei selbst mit dem Feind zu handeln.

Auch in den USA war man pragmatisch. Präsident Reagan fürchtete in der Folge des Golfkrieges wachsenden Einfluss der Sowjetunion im Iran und er setzte sich deswegen über die Boykott-Bestimmungen des eigenen Landes gegenüber dem Iran hinweg, um eine andere Strategie zu verfolgen, die inzwischen aber auch vom US-Kongress untersagt war: Mit "verdeckten Operationen" gegen kommunistische Regime zu agieren.

In diesem Fall Nicaragua. In Washington versuchte man, die Hintergründe geheim zu halten und bis heute wurde nicht alles aufgedeckt.

Diese Politik, keine Konzessionen zu machen, bleibt in Kraft. Und wir werden das auch nicht tun. Im März musste Reagan einen Rückzieher machen.

Unklar ist bis heute ob und was der Präsident wusste. Er verstand es aber, sich gleichsam als Opfer hinzustellen: "Vor einigen Monaten versicherte ich dem amerikanischen Volk, dass ich nicht Waffen gegen Geiseln getauscht habe.

Mein Herz und meine Überzeugung sagen mir immer noch, dass das stimmt. Tatsachen und Beweise sagen aber, dass es nicht stimmt.

Es ist diese Ungewissheit, wer was gewusst und wer wem was befohlen hatte, die bis heute dazu führt, dass die "Iran-Contra-Affäre" von zahllosen Gerüchten, Spekulationen und Vermutungen umrankt ist.

Man habe damit die Wiederwahl Jimmy Carters verhindern wollen und vom neuen Präsidenten Unterstützung gegen den Irak erhofft. Alle offiziellen Stellen schweigen zu solchen Gerüchten.

Aber allen ist doch auch klar, dass die "Iran-Contra-Affäre" nicht einfach auf Oliver North zu reduzieren ist. So sehr dieser sich auch Mühe gab, den treuen und ergebenen Soldaten zu spielen.

Er rief Israel zum Einlenken auf. Israelische Sicherheitskräfte haben nahe Jerusalem einen Palästinenser getötet, der versucht haben soll, eine Grenzpolizistin zu überfahren.

Bei dem Erschossenen soll es sich um den Neffen eines Politikers handeln. Jetzt scheint auch er Saudi-Arabien ein Dorn im Auge zu sein.

Reagan expressed regret regarding the situation in a nationally televised address from the Oval Office on 4 March , and in two other speeches.

The reason I haven't spoken to you before now is this: You deserve the truth. And as frustrating as the waiting has been, I felt it was improper to come to you with sketchy reports, or possibly even erroneous statements, which would then have to be corrected, creating even more doubt and confusion.

There's been enough of that. First, let me say I take full responsibility for my own actions and for those of my administration.

As angry as I may be about activities undertaken without my knowledge, I am still accountable for those activities.

As disappointed as I may be in some who served me, I'm still the one who must answer to the American people for this behavior.

Finally, the president acknowledged that his previous assertions that the U. A few months ago I told the American people I did not trade arms for hostages.

My heart and my best intentions still tell me that's true, but the facts and the evidence tell me it is not.

As the Tower board reported, what began as a strategic opening to Iran deteriorated, in its implementation, into trading arms for hostages.

This runs counter to my own beliefs, to administration policy, and to the original strategy we had in mind. To this day, Reagan's role in these transactions is not definitively known.

It is unclear exactly what Reagan knew and when, and whether the arms sales were motivated by his desire to save the U. Oliver North wrote that "Ronald Reagan knew of and approved a great deal of what went on with both the Iranian initiative and private efforts on behalf of the contras and he received regular, detailed briefings on both I have no doubt that he was told about the use of residuals for the Contras, and that he approved it.

There is some question and dispute about precisely the level at which he chose to follow the operation details. There is no doubt, however, Domestically, the affair precipitated a drop in President Reagan's popularity.

His approval ratings suffered "the largest single drop for any U. Internationally, the damage was more severe. Magnus Ranstorp wrote, "U.

In Iran, Mehdi Hashemi , the leaker of the scandal, was executed in , allegedly for activities unrelated to the scandal. Though Hashemi made a full video confession to numerous serious charges, some observers find the coincidence of his leak and the subsequent prosecution highly suspicious.

The Independent Counsel , Lawrence E. Walsh , chose not to re-try North or Poindexter. During his election campaign in , Vice President Bush denied any knowledge of the Iran—Contra affair by saying he was "out of the loop".

Though his diaries included that he was "one of the few people that know fully the details", he repeatedly refused to discuss the incident and won the election.

A book published in by Israeli journalist and terrorism expert Ronen Bergman asserts that Bush was also personally and secretly briefed on the affair by Amiram Nir , a counterterrorism adviser to the then Israeli prime minister, Yitzhak Shamir , when Bush was on a visit to Israel.

That Nir was killed in a mysterious chartered airplane crash in Mexico in December has given rise to numerous conspiracy theories ", writes Bergman.

On 24 December , having been defeated for reelection , and nearing the end of his term in office, lame duck President George H.

Bush pardoned [98] five administration officials who had been found guilty on charges relating to the affair. They were:. Bush also pardoned Caspar Weinberger , who had not yet come to trial.

Barr advised the President on these pardons, especially that of Caspar Weinberger. Walsh , who headed the investigation of Reagan Administration officials' criminal conduct in the Iran—Contra scandal, stated that "the Iran—Contra cover-up, which has continued for more than six years, has now been completed.

Bill Breeden, a former minister, stole the street's sign in protest of the Iran—Contra affair. He was later arrested and confined to prison, making him, as satirically noted by Howard Zinn , "the only person to be imprisoned as a result of the Iran—Contra Scandal".

The Iran—Contra affair and the ensuing deception to protect senior administration officials including President Reagan has been cast as an example of post-truth politics.

GPO — A closed Executive Session heard classified testimony from North and Poindexter; this transcript was published in a redacted format.

GPO 17 November June GPO 26 February From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Tower Commission.

Main article: Congressional committees investigating the Iran-Contra Affair. Retrieved 16 April The Tower Commission Report.

Retrieved 7 June Retrieved 22 April The New York Times National ed. Retrieved 15 November The American Presidency Project.

Retrieved 17 May National Security Archive. George Washington University. Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation. The New York Times. Business Week.

Archived from the original on 16 April United States Department of Justice. New York: New Press. Bruce Presidential Studies Quarterly.

Retrieved 19 July The Nation. Backing Contras with Drug Funds? Oakland Tribune. The American—Israeli Cooperative Enterprise.

Retrieved 18 August Retrieved 29 December Retrieved 4 December Robert C. I: Investigations and prosecutions".

Retrieved 15 May American Journal of International Law. Associated Press. Retrieved 28 March Man Says". Los Angeles Times.

Report of the President's Special Review Board. Washington, D. Martins Press, pp. Washington Report on Middle Eastern Affairs. Retrieved 9 January London Review of Books.

Retrieved 18 January Retrieved 20 January World Policy Journal. New York: Simon and Schuster. Grove Press. The Guardian.

Retrieved 6 June Retrieved 23 April Doc —, S. Doc —, 00th Congress, 1st sess. Houghton Mifflin, pp. The Washington Post.

Retrieved 30 December ABC News. Martins Press, p. United States Information Agency. Retrieved 29 December — via GlobalSecurity.

Washington: United States Information Agency. Washington Post. I: Investigations and Prosecutions". Summary of Prosecutions.

Court of Appeal for the District of Columbia. Clair E. Retrieved 31 August North , F. John M. Poindexter, Appellant, F. Official Charged on Iran Arms".

Bangor Daily News. Bangor, Maine. Retrieved 14 January The Milwaukee Journal. Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Journal wire services. The Modesto Bee.

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Iran Contra Affäre Video

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